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Liberia Central Bank Increases Monetary Policy Rate To 20%

The Board of Governors of the Central Bank of Liberia (CBL), proxying for the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), increased the monetary policy rate (MPR) by 250 basis points to 20%, aimed at reversing the recent trend in the depreciation of the Liberian dollar. 

The Board, according to a release, mandated the Bank management to also remove the ceiling on CBL bills — allowing Management to determine the bill’s issuance consistent with evolving excess liquidity in the banking sector.

The Board decisions were made as a result of tightened global financial conditions, the Russian-Ukraine War, and the high level of non-performing loans within the domestic banking sector.

In arriving at these decisions, the Board noted the decline in global economic growth from 3.4% in 2022 to 2.8% in 2023, fluctuations in the international prices of some of Liberia’s main exports, increase in the price of rice, and the impacts on the domestic economy.

Notwithstanding the declining global economy, Liberia’s economic growth rate, which was projected to be 4.3 percent in 2023, was revised upwards to 4.6%, based mainly on the unanticipated rise in the mining and services subsectors.

Increased manufacturing activities, induced by the expansion of electricity supply, contributed to the greater growth in the domestic economy. Liberia’s banking sector has remedied the liquidity problems that once plagued it, registering growth in total loans, gross assets, total deposits, and total capital.

Non-performing loans, although still high, showed signs of abating, declining from 16.2 percent to 15.8 percent. The CBL Board further observed a reduction in Liberia’s trade deficit from 3.9 percent in the previous quarter to 3.4 percent during the quarter under review.

This was, however, accompanied by a reduction in remittance inflows to banks, amounting to US$95.5 million, compared to US$107.0 million in quarter one. Inbound remittances to mobile wallets grew by an estimated 8.5% within the same period, from US$102.9 million to US$111.6 million.

Despite the resilience of the Liberian economy, there was a rise in inflation to 11.3 percent in quarter two of 2023, from 7.5 percent in quarter one, attributed to the impact of global economic uncertainties on the domestic economy and rising expenditures in the local currency amidst election uncertainties, necessitating the latest monetary policy decisions.

Meanwhile, the CBL decision was made during the Board’s sitting on July 20.

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