President Nana Akufo-Addo in March 2020 announced a ban on public gatherings which affected churches.
Churches have since then remained closed, with using Social media to reach out to their congregants.
But they are accordingly preparing to reopen.
As a result, the Heads of Christian Ecumenical Bodies in Ghana have issued guidelines to mitigate the spread of coronavirus when church reopens.
The bodies that presented the guidelines included the Christian Council, the National Association of Charismatic and Christian Churches, Ghana Catholic Bishops’ Conference.
Signing the mitigating guidelines were
Most Rev Dr Paul Boafo (Chairman, Christian Council of Ghana);
Rev Prof Yaw Frimpong Manso (President, Ghana Pentecostal and Charismatic Council);
Most Rev Phillip Naameh (President, Ghana Catholic Bishops’ Conference); Archbishop Nicholas Duncan Williams (President, National Association of Charismatic and Christian Churches).
Impliedly, the suspension of religious gathering constitutes a form of lockdown, owing to the Church’s inability to congregate for communal worship, the Christian bodies said.
“And following the President’s meeting with heads of churches and ecumenical councils on April 2020 at the Jubilee House where His Excellency the President charged the Christian leaders to develop modalities and guidelines to mitigate the spread of the virus should the ban on public gathering be lifted, the Christian leaders developed these intervention strategies.
In assessing Church’s readiness and capacity to comply with COVID-19 pandemic safety protocols, it is important to note that addressing CV-19 “requires a whole-of-government and whole-of-society response, according to them.
The Church being a major stakeholder is indispensable in the State’s overall COVID-19 containment and mitigation strategies, they said.
Given that 71% of Ghanaians identify as Christians, the Church, with its wide social network, access to communities, captive audience, unquestioned authority, and influential actors of public support for government measures is best placed to help in numerous ways with educating, counseling and sustaining the populace.
As the Church prepares to come back for communal worship, the tables below show the potential risk areas and what to do to mitigate potential spread, according to them.
1. Entrance points to churches
2. Door handles
2. Utility areas in the church
1. WC handles
2. Washroom door handles
3. Seating arrangements in the church
1. Close seating arrangement in the church that breaches social distancing regulations
2. Group sitting e.g. the choir
4. Nature of church building
1. Poorly ventilated churches – having few and small windows
2. Entirely glass windows that impede free flow of air
5. Nature of service
1. Handshakes during welcome sessions
2. Singing groups congregating at one side and singing
3. Group meetings – Sunday schools where teachers speak to small groups. Those in the front roll are at risk
4. Communion services where cups are handed to individuals
5. Communion service where many people drink from one cup
6. Communion services where packaged loafs are
handed to individuals
*Devices and items*
1. Microphones used commonly by more than one person, faucets, telephones
2. Money handled by more than one person through
giving offering and tithes
*Vestries & Pastors’ offices*
1. Door and seat handles
3. Poorly ventilated rooms
4. Common surfaces including Pastors’ tables
1. Church Entrances and
1. Hand washing: Make available hand-washing materials for all to wash hands before entering the church or touching rails, door handles and pillars.
A running tap or Veronica bucket should be put at all entrances for every church member to wash hands before entering the church.
Handsfree soap dispenser must be fitted to avoid cross contamination.
2. Sanitization: Make hand-sanitizer (preferably a dispenser) available at near church entrances, outside washrooms, pastors’ offices, vestries and lobbies for members to sanitize their hands.
3. Enforce hand washing and sanitization: have one person (usher) dedicated to the entrance to enforce the above, making sure that every church member at least, washes the hands for 20 seconds under running water and also sanitizes the hands after washing.
Enforcement is more important than instituting the measures in order to achieve sustained compliance.
In addition, churches should put up signs reminding people to wash hands, cough/sneeze into their elbows and remind people from the pulpit/stag
2. Utility areas
1. Clean utility areas, surfaces and items touched by different people routinely.
surfaces every 1-2 hours depending on utilization. Door handles, WC handles, faucets, microphones. Seat arms/handles should be disinfected before and after service for the next session.?
3. Seating in churches
1. Observe social distancing through seating arrangements: seating should be rearranged to allow social distancing rules. Contiguous seats should be 2 arms-length reach (2m).
So should be the distance before and after one seat to ensure that cough, sneeze and talking from one church member does not predispose the neighbours to the virus particularly from asymptomatic carriers.
2. Provide separate seating areas for the aged and families.
3. Organize churches services in sessions: because of the need for social distancing as described above, there will invariably be the need to organize churches in more than one session with at least one hour in between services.
Wear facemasks: All citizens/church members including pastors, are to wear facemasks to enter churches.
It is particularly important for those who will engage by talking e.g. pastors, Sunday school teachers etc.
The mask will prevent droplet infections from getting to the others.
For all others, it will also prevent them getting droplets from others in the church.
Masks are to be kept on until one comes back home. This will reduce the risk of spread from asymptomatic carriers of the virus.
*Nature of building*
1. All windows should be opened fully during church services to allow good ventilation. There should be no use of air conditioners.
This will diffuse and reduce the concentration of the virus (should there be anyone infected) in the room.
*Nature of service*
1. All handshakes are to be avoided in churches during this period of COVID-19. This leads to cross-contamination and spread of the virus.
2. All who speak in churches must wear N95 facemask during service. This will reduce the risk of spreading the virus to others.
Singers/Choristers: observe social distancing and also avoid second row of singers. As much as possible prerecorded music may be used.
4. Communion Service: Offer individual cups for communion. Reduce hand-to-hand transmission by
providing individual bread and cup servings. Hand hygiene and food safety precautions must strictly be observed by those who prepare these communions.
5. Giving / collection of offering and tithes: It is advisable not to pass offering bowls and baskets around. Items that are frequently handled can be sources of contaminants for the COVID-19 virus. The virus can be retained on the offering/tithe bowl for hours and can be passed on to others. The best option will be for a stationary bowl with a wide opening to be put in front or entry point where people do not need to handle the bowl before putting in their offering and tithes. Where practicable, churches should advice their members to use mobile money for offerings and tithes as this means of giving reduces the risk of transmission
*Education on Covid-19*
1. Communicate with and educate church members, and persons in the communities that the church is located
2. Select members in the church should be trained and be made responsible for COVID-19 education and coordination of resources to help the church.
3. The church should mobilize resources to help individuals in
need including church health facilities.
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